AUSTIN Following a titanic and raucous political drama, top Texas Republicans conceded that they failed to pass new abortion restrictions expected to close almost every abortion clinic in the nation's second most populous state.
Confusion reigned at the Capitol in the hours after a midnight vote.
As the protesters raised the noise to deafening levels in the Texas Senate chamber late Tuesday, Republicans scrambled to gather their colleagues at the podium for a stroke-of-midnight vote.
Get them out! Sen. Donna Campbell (R-New Braunfels) shouted to a security guard, pointing to the thundering crowd in the gallery overhead that had already been screaming for more than 10 minutes.
Time is running out, Campbell pleaded. I want them out of here!
It didn't work. The noise never stopped and it was nearly 3 a.m. before Lt. Gov. David Dewhurst confirmed that Senate Bill 5 was dead because the chamber did not meet the special session's midnight deadline.
Regrettably, the constitutional time for the 83rd Legislature had expired, Dewhurst announced from the podium at 3:02 a.m. Senate Bill 5 cannot be signed in the presence of the Senate at this time, and therefore cannot be enrolled.
He denounced the more than 400 protesters who staged what they called a people's filibuster from 11:45 p.m. to well past midnight. He denied mishandling the debate.
I didn't lose control (of the chamber). We had an unruly mob, Dewhurst said.
He then hinted at a second special session, which Gov. Rick Perry could summon in the upcoming hours.
It's over. It's been fun. But see you soon, the lieutenant governor said.
The people... united... will never be defeated! chanted pro-choice supporters who learned the news while waiting in the Capitol rotunda. They followed that with an impromptu rendition of The Eyes of Texas.
The Republican-controlled Senate voted for the abortion bill while hundreds of protesters screamed from the gallery. Reporters and Democrats saw the voting begin after midnight, but Dewhurst earlier said it began just before.
Sen. Dan Patrick (R-Houston) initially told News 8 the bill passed 19-10 in a vote that he said was taken before the midnight deadline.
Sen. Royce West (D-Dallas) maintained that the vote happened after midnight. He said Democrats will raise a challenge.
As evidence, opponents of the abortion bill produced two printouts of the final vote from the legislature's computer system.
The special legislative session ended at midnight, and Democrats led by Sen. Wendy Davis (D-Fort Worth) spent most of the day filibustering the bill. Republicans cited rules to eventually force a vote to end the filibuster.
Sen. Kirk Watson (D-Austin) appealed the chair's decision, and parliamentary discussions continued past 11:30 p.m. as the midnight deadline approached.
Then, with less than 15 minutes left on the clock, Sen. Leticia Van de Putte (D-Bexar County) triggered a sustained eruption from the gallery after posing this pointed question to the chair:
At what point must a female representative raise her hand or voice to be recognized over her male colleagues in the room?
The cheers appeared to bring all business on the Senate floor to a halt. Wendy! Wendy! Wendy! the gallery chanted with less than five minutes until midnight.
The clock appeared to expire with no further legislative action possible under the special session rules, but that's not how Senate Republicans viewed it.
It was worth it, Sen. Davis said when asked about the filibuster that fell short. Today was democracy in action.
She predicted a constitutional fight over whether the vote on Senate Bill 5 happened before midnight.
Veteran journalists covering the Capitol said they had never seen anything like what happened on Tuesday night, a sentiment that was echoed by Sen. Watson.
Here we are in probably what is the worst night since I've been in the Senate and since I've been in public life, the former Austin mayor said. There has been an effort at every moment to try and stop this filibuster.
In a tweet at 1:15 a.m. Wednesday, Texas Democratic Party Chair Gilberto Hinojosa offered this reaction: No matter what happens, we have already won. Texas will never be the same again.
Gov. Rick Perry could still summon lawmakers back for a second special session to consider issues that were not addressed.
The abortion bill bans the procedure after 20 weeks of pregnancy and requires that all procedures take place in a surgical center.
Doctors who perform abortions would also need admitting privileges at a hospital within 30 miles. The surgical center requirement would shut down 37 of Texas' 42 abortion clinics, leaving just one in Dallas, one in Austin, one in San Antonio and two in Houston.
Earlier updates follow...
AUSTIN As the sun set, the crowds grew. Hundreds lined up inside the Texas Capitol wanting to see State Sen. Wendy Davis (D-Fort Worth) filibuster Senate Bill 5.
The legislation would restrict abortions and effectively close clinics.
Her political theater is all about running out the clock.
The special session ends at midnight. When it's over, every bill that didn't go up for a vote automatically dies.
But Davis' opponents doubted she could abide by the strict rules. Plus, the Fort Worth Democrat is limited to discuss only the bill in question.
Earlier, she got in trouble for talking off-topic, and a second strike came when a colleague offered her a back brace.
One more violation of the parliamentary rules and her filibuster would be over.
But Davis was still talking with less than three hours to go.
When asked how Davis would relieve herself if nature called, her aide said Davis would only tell him: It's taken care of.
Colleagues on the floor chatted quietly at each other's desks, worked on iPads, and texted with their mobile phones to pass the time.
When Sen. Davis walked out wearing pink sneakers late Tuesday morning, a gallery of almost 500 pro-choice supporters erupted in cheers and applause saying Go Wendy!
Pro-choice and pro-life supporters crowded into the chambers before the Texas Senate gaveled into session at 11:14 a.m. to consider the controversial abortion bill.
Four minutes later, Sen. Davis began the filibuster of Senate Bill 5, which places additional restrictions on abortion providers including preventing abortions after 20 weeks, requiring clinics to be surgical centers and mandating that doctors have admitting privileges at nearby hospitals.
Pro-choice advocates said the additional regulations would likely shut down 37 of the 42 abortion clinics in the state, leaving just one in Dallas, one in Austin, one in San Antonio and two in Houston.
Republicans have the votes to pass the legislation that the House already approved, but only if the filibuster ends by the midnight Tuesday deadline.
Members I'm rising on the floor today to humbly give voice to thousands of Texans who have been ignored, Sen. Davis said in the opening minutes of her filibuster which is expected to last for more than 12 hours.
Cecile Richards, national president of Planned Parenthood, greeted supporters as they filed in to the Senate gallery Tuesday morning.
All eyes are on Texas, Richards told News 8.
She is the daughter of the late former Governor Ann Richards and flew from her home in New York City back to Texas last night in a surprise visit.
Planned Parenthood of Greater Texas said 350 pro-choice supporters were filling the Senate gallery to watch the debate.
It s considerably less than previous days when more than 700 rallied in the capitol. The Senate gallery seats 496.
A couple dozen pro-life supporters are at the Capitol, but most have stayed away as the Republican-controlled legislature moved the bill through.
The Associated Press contributed to this report