STONY BROOK, New York (AP) — Among the procedures U.S. Army surgeon Hawkeye Pierce performed on the long-running television show "M.A.S.H." was an end-to-end anastomosis.
Actor Alan Alda concedes that most of the viewers had no idea he was talking about removing a damaged piece of intestine and reconnecting the healthy pieces.
Today, the award-winning film and television star is on a mission to teach physicians, physicists and scientists to get their points across in clear, simple language.
The former host of the long-running PBS series "Scientific American Frontiers" is a founder and visiting professor of journalism at the Stony Brook University Center for Communicating Science, which has just been named in his honor.
"There's no reason for the jargon when you're trying to communicate the essence of the science to the public, because you're talking what amounts to gibberish to them," Alda said in a recent interview with The Associated Press.
A better understanding of science, Alda said, can benefit society in ways great and small. Physicians can more clearly explain treatments to patients. Consumers can decipher what chemicals may be in their food. Lawmakers can make better decisions on funding scientific research.
"They're not going to ask the right questions if science doesn't explain to them what's going on in the most honest and objective way," said Alda, 77. "You can't blame them for not knowing the jargon — it's not their job."
Alda, who lives in New York City, said that as his tenure as host of "Scientific American Frontiers" was ending in 2005, he began seeking out a university interested in his idea for a center for communicating science.
Stony Brook, a 24,000-student state university about 70 miles (110 kilometers) east of Manhattan, "was the only place that understood what I was trying to say and thought it was possible," he said.
The center launched in 2009. At a gala last week, the Long Island school officially renamed it the Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science.
"Alan did not casually lend his celebrity to this effort," said Stony Brook President Dr. Samuel Stanley. "He has been a tireless and full partner in the center since its inception. ... He has helped train our faculty and develop our curriculum, and he personally teaches some workshops."
Alda has also helped publicize a contest the center sponsored the past two years asking students and scientists around the U.S. to find simple ways to explain such concepts as "What is a flame?" or "What is time?"
"We've learned it's important to set up vivid analogies," said Lyl Tomlinson, a 24-year-old neuroscience graduate student, noting he used the effects of caffeine in a morning cup of coffee to begin a discussion on the nervous system.
Area congressman Steven Israel said educating people on the importance of science is key to America's competitiveness in the 21st century economy.
He recalled watching a congressional hearing on climate change in which, he said, "a bunch of scientists were trying to teach congressmen about the science of climate change and the congressmen were trying to teach the scientists about politics. It was as if both sides were speaking alien languages."
Alda shared what he called his best examples of clear communication.
About a decade ago, Alda said, he was filming in Chile when he was stricken with sharp stomach pains. He was taken in an old rickety ambulance to a small, dimly lit clinic, where a doctor examined him and said he would require life-saving surgery.
"Some of your intestine has gone bad, and we have to cut out the bad part and sew the two good ends together," the physician explained.
"And I said, 'You're going to do an end-to-end anastamosis.' He said, 'How do you know that?' And I said, 'Oh I did many of them on 'M.A.S.H.' That was the first operation I learned about on M.A.S.H.'"
After the classroom erupted in laughter, Alda concluded:
"He didn't waste any time on me trying to figure what he was talking about. He said it in the clearest terms possible. He didn't sacrifice any accuracy by making it clear."